The Basics of Drawing Blueprints for Commercial Construction Projects

There are aspects of commercial building projects that everyone can take notice of. There are the various phases of construction, the finished building, the landscaping on the outside. But do you realize that no construction process even begins without first drawing up blueprints? That is an absolute fact! This article will discuss different facets of reading and drawing up blueprints.

In order to correctly draw up blueprints a person must first know how to read them. If you do not have much expertise in either science or mathematics, fear not! You can still learn how to read blueprints. This industry seems to have a language of its own with various words, lines and strange-looking symbols. You will learn how to read somebody else’s sketches with all of these “peculiarities.” You will also learn how to properly make rough sketches of your own based upon what you will want your finished project to end up looking like. A wise person said this. Reading blueprints is “a little like eating elephants. You eat them one bite at a time.” Over time, and with a lot of patience, this CAN be accomplished.

There is one basic; yet crucial, step to reading blueprints to always keep in mind. That is: “plan, elevation and section.” The definition of a plan is: “a view looking downward on the object, usually the horizontal plane cut at 30″ above the floor.” Elevation is a sideways view of an object, and typically from one direction or another. A section is a cut-through look at an object, frequently an imaginary view allowing a person to see how it will be built. No matter how skilled you become in the blueprint field, this concept is something you absolutely must adhere to each and every time you read one.

The most mundane part of reading blueprints is reading the specs and overall conditions for the particular project. However, skipping this process is a huge mistake with serious ramifications. The specs include things like milestones that must be achieved by certain dates in the construction phases, or permitted times of the week or day construction can be done. It can even be as simple as clean up requirements. People do not design specs just for their own health! There are specific reasons for them at all times! Again, not paying attention to these details can be extremely costly for everyone involved in the construction process. Do yourself a favor in your job as a blueprint reader – READ THE SPECS!

If you want to be in the profession of drawing up blueprints, a lot of knowledge can be gained from learning how to read them. However, the best advice we can give you is to GO TO SCHOOL FOR THIS! Nothing substitutes for a great education in this industry. There are plenty of higher education facilities that offer degrees in these subjects. Let us not forget apprenticing or entry-level jobs where you can gain actual experience. If you take the time to properly learn how to do this job; you will be rewarded with an important career for the duration of your life.

Different Types of Commercial Construction For Your New Business

Commercial construction is defined as the creation of any buildings for any type of commercial purposes. These projects include supermarkets, restaurants, various types of office buildings, your local malls, schools, and many more that you probably see all the time in your city or town. Also included in this genre of construction are industrial commercial projects such as power plants or manufacturing plants. In this article we shall discuss some of the more important ones.

One important commercial type of construction is the shopping mall. Many people likely take these for granted. But both indoor malls and outdoor strip malls play vital roles in a city or town economy. In the first place jobs are created when building the malls. Upon completion, store and restaurant owners invest money into these malls in hopes that they can build a successful business. Next more jobs are created when those store and restaurant owners hire employees to work for them. Ultimately, it is hoped this shopping mall will attract numerous visitors who will spend money there; thereby pumping money into their local economy. Everyone in a city or town can benefit from a shopping mall.

Next is another type of commercial construction that is probably taken for granted: schools and education facilities of all grade levels and types; this can include everything from preschools, to universities, to industry-specific trade schools. Where would a community be without commercial construction of schools? Not only do they employ numerous people already, but they prepare our young people with all of the necessary knowledge tools to lead a successful life of their own as adults.

How about this for an important type of commercial construction project: medical facilities and hospitals. Unfortunately these buildings are sorely needed in any community. The more hospitals available in a city or town, the better off its residents will be. They employ oodles of medical professionals and assist student medical professionals in furthering their careers. Of course we all already know the primary purpose of hospitals. Perhaps though we do not stop to think where we would be without them.

Another type of commercial construction that is usually overlooked is manufacturing plants. Too frequently they are unattractive in appearance and are often looked at as an eye-sore. But think of the important role they play in our society. Manufacturing plants can employ hundreds, maybe even thousands of people in a community. Plus, think about the goods they are manufacturing for the benefit of lots of people. A person would do well in a community; provided they have the necessary financing, to invest in building a manufacturing plant. It can do a lot of good in a community.

Commercial Construction Techniques

In this article we will explore some old and some new construction techniques that are considered by experts in the industry to be alternative techniques. Perhaps this information will inspire some future innovative building designs. The techniques discussed here are in random order and are not intended to display any particular construction preferences.

If you would like a building designed that is pretty quiet and contains outstanding thermal mass, use the Insulated Concrete Forms technique to construct it. Although some builders use this technique strictly for foundations, it can be used to create entire structures. Some cons to using the ICF technique is that it can be fairly expensive to build and also difficult to modify once the structure is complete.

One older construction technique that is still relatively popular is using various types of wooden logs. The materials used here can range in coping techniques with specific wood type-appropriate thermal barriers between the logs to insure an airtight structure. Detailing with this kind of technique is crucial to each project it is used for. Log construction techniques are seldom utilized for commercial structures; but in some regions of the world can be a choice preference for homes.

There is also the option of commercial modular buildings. These are non-residential and code-compliant structures which are built anywhere from 60% to 90% in an offsite environment and then delivered to its ultimate destination. Upon their arrival at this destination they are put onto a concrete foundation. The end result is a totally completed structure ready for occupancy by business owners (who then add their own specific furnishings and details to the inside of the buildings.)

An especially attractive form of commercial construction technique is known as float glass. This technique is “made by floating molten glass on a bed of molten metal, typically tin, although lead and various low melting point alloys were used in the past.” The standard result of this method is an extremely flat surface with a uniformed thickness to it. This technique is most frequently seen in beautifully constructed office buildings and sometimes entertainment-oriented buildings such as an opera house or a building where a symphony orchestra might perform. They are very lovely to look at and attract much attention wherever they exist.

Of course, one of the most-often used types of commercial construction materials is steel, especially as a building’s internal support system. In general steel is utilized in addition to the builder using other materials to construct walls and floors. Steel is an environmentally-friendly material, structurally secure and energy efficient. Additionally, it is cost effective and can be easily modified. One huge disadvantage is that steel is a conductor of heat. A second con is that; if poorly constructed, the steel can corrode over time and it must be repaired to avoid serious consequences from occurring.